Chapter 20 – Light Come, Light Go
Lewis Carroll2016年10月23日'Command+D' Bookmark this page
Lady Muriel’s smile of welcome could not quite conceal the look of
surprise with which she regarded my new companions.
I presented them in due form. “This is Sylvie, Lady Muriel. And this
“Any surname?” she enquired, her eyes twinkling with fun.
“No,” I said gravely. “No surname.”
She laughed, evidently thinking I said it in fun; and stooped to kiss
the children a salute to which Bruno submitted with reluctance: Sylvie
returned it with interest.
While she and Arthur (who had arrived before me) supplied the children
with tea and cake, I tried to engage the Earl in conversation: but he
was restless and distrait, and we made little progress. At last, by a
sudden question, he betrayed the cause of his disquiet.
“Would you let me look at those flowers you have in your hand?”
“Willingly!” I said, handing him the bouquet. Botany was, I knew, a
favourite study of his: and these flowers were to me so entirely new
and mysterious, that I was really curious to see what a botanist would
say of them.
They did not diminish his disquiet. On the contrary, he became every
moment more excited as he turned them over. “These are all from
Central India!” he said, laying aside part of the bouquet.
“They are rare, even there: and I have never seen them in any other part
of the world. These two are Mexican–This one–” (He rose hastily, and
carried it to the window, to examine it in a better light, the flush of
excitement mounting to his very forehead) “—is. I am nearly sure
–but I have a book of Indian Botany here–” He took a volume from
the book-shelves, and turned the leaves with trembling fingers. “Yes!
Compare it with this picture! It is the exact duplicate! This is the
flower of the Upas-tree, which usually grows only in the depths of
forests; and the flower fades so quickly after being plucked, that it
is scarcely possible to keep its form or colour even so far as the
outskirts of the forest! Yet this is in full bloom! Where did you get
these flowers?” he added with breathless eagerness.
I glanced at Sylvie, who, gravely and silently, laid her finger on her
lips, then beckoned to Bruno to follow her, and ran out into the garden;
and I found myself in the position of a defendant whose two most
important witnesses have been suddenly taken away. “Let me give you
the flowers!” I stammered out at last, quite ‘at my wit’s end’ as
to how to get out of the difficulty. “You know much more about them
than I do!”
“I accept them most gratefully! But you have not yet told me–” the
Earl was beginning, when we were interrupted, to my great relief, by
the arrival of Eric Lindon.
To Arthur, however, the new-comer was, I saw clearly, anything but
welcome. His face clouded over: he drew a little back from the circle,
and took no further part in the conversation, which was wholly
maintained, for some minutes, by Lady Muriel and her lively cousin,
who were discussing some new music that had just arrived from London.
“Do just try this one!” he pleaded. “The music looks easy to sing at
sight, and the song’s quite appropriate to the occasion.”
“Then I suppose it’s
‘Five o’clock tea!
Ever to thee
Faithful I’ll be,
Five o’clock tea!”‘
laughed Lady Muriel, as she sat down to the piano, and lightly struck a
few random chords.
“Not quite: and yet it is a kind of ‘ever to thee faithful I’ll be!’
It’s a pair of hapless lovers: he crosses the briny deep: and she is
“That is indeed appropriate!” she replied mockingly, as he placed the
song before her.
“And am I to do the lamenting? And who for, if you please?”
She played the air once or twice through, first in quick, and finally
in slow, time; and then gave us the whole song with as much graceful
ease as if she had been familiar with it all her life:–
“He stept so lightly to the land,
All in his manly pride:
He kissed her cheek, he pressed her hand,
Yet still she glanced aside.
‘Too gay he seems,’ she darkly dreams,
‘Too gallant and too gay
To think of me–poor simple me—
When he is far away!’
‘I bring my Love this goodly pearl
Across the seas,’ he said:
‘A gem to deck the dearest girl
That ever sailor wed!’
She clasps it tight’ her eyes are bright:
Her throbbing heart would say
‘He thought of me–he thought of me—
When he was far away!’
The ship has sailed into the West:
Her ocean-bird is flown:
A dull dead pain is in her breast,
And she is weak and lone:
Yet there’s a smile upon her face,
A smile that seems to say
‘He’ll think of me he’ll think of me—
When he is far away!
‘Though waters wide between us glide,
Our lives are warm and near:
No distance parts two faithful hearts
Two hearts that love so dear:
And I will trust my sailor-lad,
For ever and a day,
To think of me–to think of me—
When he is far away!'”
The look of displeasure, which had begun to come over Arthur’s face
when the young Captain spoke of Love so lightly, faded away as the song
proceeded, and he listened with evident delight. But his face darkened
again when Eric demurely remarked “Don’t you think ‘my soldier-lad’
would have fitted the tune just as well!”
“Why, so it would!” Lady Muriel gaily retorted.
“Soldiers, sailors, tinkers, tailors, what a lot of words would fit in!
I think ‘my tinker-lad sounds best. Don’t you?”
To spare my friend further pain, I rose to go, just as the Earl was
beginning to repeat his particularly embarrassing question about the
“You have not yet–‘
“Yes, I’ve had some tea, thank you!” I hastily interrupted him.
“And now we really must be going. Good evening, Lady Muriel!”
And we made our adieux, and escaped, while the Earl was still absorbed
in examining the mysterious bouquet.
Lady Muriel accompanied us to the door. “You couldn’t have given my
father a more acceptable present!” she said, warmly. “He is so
passionately fond of Botany. I’m afraid I know nothing of the theory
of it, but I keep his Hortus Siccus in order. I must get some sheets
of blotting-paper, and dry these new treasures for him before they fade.
“That won’t be no good at all!” said Bruno, who was waiting for us in
“Why won’t it?” said I. “You know I had to give the flowers, to stop
“Yes, it ca’n’t be helped,” said Sylvie: “but they will be sorry when
they find them gone!”
“But how will they go?”
“Well, I don’t know how. But they will go. The nosegay was only a Phlizz,
you know. Bruno made it up.”
These last words were in a whisper, as she evidently did not wish
Arthur to hear. But of this there seemed to be little risk: he hardly
seemed to notice the children, but paced on, silent and abstracted; and
when, at the entrance to the wood, they bid us a hasty farewell and ran
off, he seemed to wake out of a day-dream.
The bouquet vanished, as Sylvie had predicted; and when, a day or two
afterwards, Arthur and I once more visited the Hall, we found the Earl
and his daughter, with the old housekeeper, out in the garden,
examining the fastenings of the drawing-room window.
“We are holding an Inquest,” Lady Muriel said, advancing to meet us:
“and we admit you, as Accessories before the Fact, to tell us all you
know about those flowers.”
“The Accessories before the Fact decline to answer any questions,”
I gravely replied. “And they reserve their defence.”
“Well then, turn Queen’s Evidence, please! The flowers have
disappeared in the night,” she went on, turning to Arthur, “and we are
quite sure no one in the house has meddled with them. Somebody must
have entered by the window–”
“But the fastenings have not been tampered with,” said the Earl.
“It must have been while you were dining, my Lady,” said the housekeeper.
“That was it, said the Earl. “The thief must have seen you bring the
flowers,” turning to me, “and have noticed that you did not take them
away. And he must have known their great value–they are simply
priceless!” he exclaimed, in sudden excitement.
“And you never told us how you got them!” said Lady Muriel.
“Some day,” I stammered, “I may be free to tell you. Just now, would
you excuse me?”
The Earl looked disappointed, but kindly said “Very well, we will ask
[Image…Five o’clock tea]
“But we consider you a very bad Queen’s Evidence,” Lady Muriel
added playfully, as we entered the arbour. “We pronounce you to be an
accomplice: and we sentence you to solitary confinement, and to be fed
on bread and butter. Do you take sugar?”
“It is disquieting, certainly,” she resumed, when all ‘creature-comforts’
had been duly supplied, “to find that the house has been entered by a
thief in this out-of-the-way place. If only the flowers had been eatables,
one might have suspected a thief of quite another shape–”
“You mean that universal explanation for all mysterious disappearances,
‘the cat did it’?” said Arthur.
“Yes,” she replied. “What a convenient thing it would be if all
thieves had the same shape! It’s so confusing to have some of them
quadrupeds and others bipeds!”
“It has occurred to me,” said Arthur, “as a curious problem in Teleology–
the Science of Final Causes,” he added, in answer to an enquiring look
from Lady Muriel.
“And a Final Cause is–?”
“Well, suppose we say–the last of a series of connected events–each
of the series being the cause of the next–for whose sake the first
event takes place.”
“But the last event is practically an effect of the first, isn’t it?
And yet you call it a cause of it!”
Arthur pondered a moment. “The words are rather confusing, I grant
you,” he said. “Will this do? The last event is an effect of the
first: but the necessity for that event is a cause of the necessity for
“That seems clear enough,” said Lady Muriel. “Now let us have the
“It’s merely this. What object can we imagine in the arrangement by
which each different size (roughly speaking) of living creatures has
its special shape? For instance, the human race has one kind of
shape–bipeds. Another set, ranging from the lion to the mouse,
are quadrupeds. Go down a step or two further, and you come to insects
with six legs–hexapods–a beautiful name, is it not? But beauty, in
our sense of the word, seems to diminish as we go down: the creature
becomes more–I won’t say ‘ugly’ of any of God’s creatures–more uncouth.
And, when we take the microscope, and go a few steps lower still,
we come upon animalculae, terribly uncouth, and with a terrible
number of legs!”
“The other alternative,” said the Earl, “would be a diminuendo series
of repetitions of the same type. Never mind the monotony of it: let’s
see how it would work in other ways. Begin with the race of men, and
the creatures they require: let us say horses, cattle, sheep, and dogs
we don’t exactly require frogs and spiders, do we, Muriel?”
Lady Muriel shuddered perceptibly: it was evidently a painful subject.
“We can dispense with them,” she said gravely.
“Well, then we’ll have a second race of men, half-a-yard high–”
“–who would have one source of exquisite enjoyment, not possessed by
ordinary men!” Arthur interrupted.
“What source?” said the Earl.
“Why, the grandeur of scenery! Surely the grandeur of a mountain, to me,
depends on its size, relative to me? Double the height of the mountain,
and of course it’s twice as grand. Halve my height, and you produce the
“Happy, happy, happy Small!” Lady Muriel murmured rapturously.
“None but the Short, none but the Short, none but the Short enjoy the Tall!”
“But let me go on,” said the Earl. “We’ll have a third race of men,
five inches high; a fourth race, an inch high–”
“They couldn’t eat common beef and mutton, I’m sure!” Lady Muriel
“True, my child, I was forgetting. Each set must have its own cattle
“And its own vegetation,” I added. “What could a cow, an inch high,
do with grass that waved far above its head?”
“That is true. We must have a pasture within a pasture, so to speak.
The common grass would serve our inch-high cows as a green forest of
palms, while round the root of each tall stem would stretch a tiny
carpet of microscopic grass. Yes, I think our scheme will work fairly
well. And it would be very interesting, coming into contact with the
races below us. What sweet little things the inch-high bull-dogs would
be! I doubt if even Muriel would run away from one of them!”
“Don’t you think we ought to have a crescendo series, as well?” said
Lady Muriel. “Only fancy being a hundred yards high!
One could use an elephant as a paper-weight, and a crocodile as a pair
“And would you have races of different sizes communicate with one
another?” I enquired. “Would they make war on one another, for instance,
or enter into treaties?”
“War we must exclude, I think. When you could crush a whole nation
with one blow of your fist, you couldn’t conduct war on equal terms.
But anything, involving a collision of minds only, would be possible in
our ideal world–for of course we must allow mental powers to all,
irrespective of size. “Perhaps the fairest rule would be that,
the smaller the race, the greater should be its intellectual development!”
“Do you mean to say,” said Lady Muriel, “that these manikins of an inch
high are to argue with me?”
“Surely, surely!” said the Earl. “An argument doesn’t depend for its
logical force on the size of the creature that utters it!”
She tossed her head indignantly. “I would not argue with any man less
than six inches high!” she cried. “I’d make him work!”
“What at?” said Arthur, listening to all this nonsense with an amused
“Embroidery!” she readily replied. “What lovely embroidery they would do!”
“Yet, if they did it wrong,” I said, “you couldn’t argue the question.
I don’t know why: but I agree that it couldn’t be done.”
“The reason is,” said Lady Muriel, “one couldn’t sacrifice one’s
dignity so far.”
“Of course one couldn’t!” echoed Arthur. “Any more than one could
argue with a potato. It would be altogether–excuse the ancient
“I doubt it,” said I. “Even a pun doesn’t quite convince me.”
“Well, if that is not the reason,” said Lady Muriel, “what reason would
I tried hard to understand the meaning of this question: but the
persistent humming of the bees confused me, and there was a drowsiness
in the air that made every thought stop and go to sleep before it had
got well thought out: so all I could say was “That must depend on the
weight of the potato.”
I felt the remark was not so sensible as I should have liked it to be.
But Lady Muriel seemed to take it quite as a matter of course.
“In that case–” she began, but suddenly started, and turned away to
listen. “Don’t you hear him?” she said. “He’s crying. We must go to
And I said to myself “That’s very strange.
I quite thought it was Lady Muriel talking to me. Why, it’s Sylvie all
the while!” And I made another great effort to say something that
should have some meaning in it. “Is it about the potato?”